secretbox - ActiveState ActiveGo 1.8

Package secretbox

import ""

Overview ▾

Package secretbox encrypts and authenticates small messages.

Secretbox uses XSalsa20 and Poly1305 to encrypt and authenticate messages with secret-key cryptography. The length of messages is not hidden.

It is the caller's responsibility to ensure the uniqueness of nonces—for example, by using nonce 1 for the first message, nonce 2 for the second message, etc. Nonces are long enough that randomly generated nonces have negligible risk of collision.

This package is interoperable with NaCl:



// Load your secret key from a safe place and reuse it across multiple
// Seal calls. (Obviously don't use this example key for anything
// real.) If you want to convert a passphrase to a key, use a suitable
// package like bcrypt or scrypt.
secretKeyBytes, err := hex.DecodeString("6368616e676520746869732070617373776f726420746f206120736563726574")
if err != nil {

var secretKey [32]byte
copy(secretKey[:], secretKeyBytes)

// You must use a different nonce for each message you encrypt with the
// same key. Since the nonce here is 192 bits long, a random value
// provides a sufficiently small probability of repeats.
var nonce [24]byte
if _, err := io.ReadFull(rand.Reader, nonce[:]); err != nil {

// This encrypts "hello world" and appends the result to the nonce.
encrypted := secretbox.Seal(nonce[:], []byte("hello world"), &nonce, &secretKey)

// When you decrypt, you must use the same nonce and key you used to
// encrypt the message. One way to achieve this is to store the nonce
// alongside the encrypted message. Above, we stored the nonce in the first
// 24 bytes of the encrypted text.
var decryptNonce [24]byte
copy(decryptNonce[:], encrypted[:24])
decrypted, ok := secretbox.Open(nil, encrypted[24:], &decryptNonce, &secretKey)
if !ok {
    panic("decryption error")



hello world


Overhead is the number of bytes of overhead when boxing a message.

const Overhead = poly1305.TagSize

func Open

func Open(out []byte, box []byte, nonce *[24]byte, key *[32]byte) ([]byte, bool)

Open authenticates and decrypts a box produced by Seal and appends the message to out, which must not overlap box. The output will be Overhead bytes smaller than box.

func Seal

func Seal(out, message []byte, nonce *[24]byte, key *[32]byte) []byte

Seal appends an encrypted and authenticated copy of message to out, which must not overlap message. The key and nonce pair must be unique for each distinct message and the output will be Overhead bytes longer than message.