Installing ActivePerl for macOS
You can install the macOS package using the standard user interface, or by using the command line.
Before you begin
Before you start the installation, you need to ensure that your system meets the prerequisites, and that you do not have other Perl distributions that are going to conflict with ActivePerl.
- Hardware: 200 MB hard disk space
- Operating System: macOS 10.9 “Mavericks” or later
Installing with Package
ActivePerl is distributed on macOS as an installer package (
- Download the
ActivePerl installer package
- Double-click the ActivePerl installer package
ActivePerl-<version>.pkg) to start the installation.
- Follow the Installer prompts. The installer will ask for administrative authentication if the current user does not have administrative privileges.
Installing with the Package command line tool
macOS includes a non-interactive command line interface to Apple’s Installer you can use to install ActivePerl from the command line:
Download the ActivePerl installer package (
Open Terminal and run
Installerusing the following syntax:
$ sudo installer -pkg /Users/<username>/Downloads/ActivePerl-<version>.pkg -target /
Note: It is sometimes useful to create an install log file (e.g. to send to ActiveState technical support). To do this, use the
sudo installer -pkg /Users/<username>/Downloads/ActivePerl-<version>.pkg \ -target / -verbose -dumplog > install.log 2>&1
For more information on the command line interface to Installer, enter
man installerin Terminal.
More information on the command line interface to Installer can be
found by entering
man installer in Terminal.
The macOS Installer package installs ActivePerl in
/usr/local/ActivePerl-5.22. To run the
perl interpreter and the
ppm package manager without having to enter the full path, you need to add
/usr/local/ActivePerl-5.22/bin to your PATH environment variable. For example:
$ export PATH=/usr/local/ActivePerl-5.22/bin:$PATH $ export PATH=/usr/local/ActivePerl-5.22/site/bin:$PATH
To permanently add the directory to your PATH, add it to the
.bash_profile file in your home directory. For example:
PATH=/usr/local/ActivePerl-5.22/bin:$PATH PATH=/usr/local/ActivePerl-5.22/site/bin:$PATH export PATH
Alternatively, you can create symbolic links to the binaries in any
bin directory in your PATH to run the perl executables without entering the full path. For example, you could add a
bin subdirectory in your home directory to your PATH and create symbolic links:
$ mkdir /Users/<username/bin $ export PATH=/Users/<username>/bin:$PATH $ ln -s /usr/local/ActivePerl-5.24/bin/perl /Users/<username>/bin/perl $ ln -s /usr/local/ActivePerl-5.24/bin/ppm /Users/<username>/bin/ppm Verify that you are pointing to the correct ActivePerl executables by entering `perl --version` and `ppm --version` ## Uninstalling ActivePerl on macOS Apple does not provide a standard uninstallation tool or mechanism. You may, however, use the `uninstall` script that comes with ActivePerl to uninstall ActivePerl: ```bash $ sudo /usr/local/ActivePerl-5.22/bin/ap-uninstall
Removing ActivePerl will also remove perl modules manually installed using PPM.
If necessary, remove any symbolic links, or updates to your
.bash_profile file, added during configuration. For example:
$ rm /Users/<username>/bin/perl $ rm /Users/<username>/bin/ppm