Perl 5 version 32.0 documentation



shasum - Print or Check SHA Checksums


  1. Usage: shasum [OPTION]... [FILE]...
  2. Print or check SHA checksums.
  3. With no FILE, or when FILE is -, read standard input.
  4. -a, --algorithm 1 (default), 224, 256, 384, 512, 512224, 512256
  5. -b, --binary read in binary mode
  6. -c, --check read SHA sums from the FILEs and check them
  7. --tag create a BSD-style checksum
  8. -t, --text read in text mode (default)
  9. -U, --UNIVERSAL read in Universal Newlines mode
  10. produces same digest on Windows/Unix/Mac
  11. -0, --01 read in BITS mode
  12. ASCII '0' interpreted as 0-bit,
  13. ASCII '1' interpreted as 1-bit,
  14. all other characters ignored
  15. The following five options are useful only when verifying checksums:
  16. --ignore-missing don't fail or report status for missing files
  17. -q, --quiet don't print OK for each successfully verified file
  18. -s, --status don't output anything, status code shows success
  19. --strict exit non-zero for improperly formatted checksum lines
  20. -w, --warn warn about improperly formatted checksum lines
  21. -h, --help display this help and exit
  22. -v, --version output version information and exit
  23. When verifying SHA-512/224 or SHA-512/256 checksums, indicate the
  24. algorithm explicitly using the -a option, e.g.
  25. shasum -a 512224 -c checksumfile
  26. The sums are computed as described in FIPS PUB 180-4. When checking,
  27. the input should be a former output of this program. The default
  28. mode is to print a line with checksum, a character indicating type
  29. (`*' for binary, ` ' for text, `U' for UNIVERSAL, `^' for BITS),
  30. and name for each FILE. The line starts with a `\' character if the
  31. FILE name contains either newlines or backslashes, which are then
  32. replaced by the two-character sequences `\n' and `\\' respectively.
  33. Report shasum bugs to


Running shasum is often the quickest way to compute SHA message digests. The user simply feeds data to the script through files or standard input, and then collects the results from standard output.

The following command shows how to compute digests for typical inputs such as the NIST test vector "abc":

  1. perl -e "print qq(abc)" | shasum

Or, if you want to use SHA-256 instead of the default SHA-1, simply say:

  1. perl -e "print qq(abc)" | shasum -a 256

Since shasum mimics the behavior of the combined GNU sha1sum, sha224sum, sha256sum, sha384sum, and sha512sum programs, you can install this script as a convenient drop-in replacement.

Unlike the GNU programs, shasum encompasses the full SHA standard by allowing partial-byte inputs. This is accomplished through the BITS option (-0). The following example computes the SHA-224 digest of the 7-bit message 0001100:

  1. perl -e "print qq(0001100)" | shasum -0 -a 224


Copyright (C) 2003-2018 Mark Shelor <>.


shasum is implemented using the Perl module Digest::SHA.