Perl 5 version 32.0 documentation



Math::BigInt::FastCalc - Math::BigInt::Calc with some XS for more speed


  1. # to use it with Math::BigInt
  2. use Math::BigInt lib => 'FastCalc';
  3. # to use it with Math::BigFloat
  4. use Math::BigFloat lib => 'FastCalc';
  5. # to use it with Math::BigRat
  6. use Math::BigRat lib => 'FastCalc';


Math::BigInt::FastCalc inherits from Math::BigInt::Calc.

Provides support for big integer calculations. Not intended to be used by other modules. Other modules which sport the same functions can also be used to support Math::BigInt, like Math::BigInt::GMP or Math::BigInt::Pari.

In order to allow for multiple big integer libraries, Math::BigInt was rewritten to use library modules for core math routines. Any module which follows the same API as this can be used instead by using the following:

  1. use Math::BigInt lib => 'libname';

'libname' is either the long name ('Math::BigInt::Pari'), or only the short version like 'Pari'. To use this library:

  1. use Math::BigInt lib => 'FastCalc';


Math::BigInt::FastCalc works exactly like Math::BigInt::Calc. Numbers are stored in decimal form chopped into parts.


The following functions are now implemented in FastCalc.xs:

  1. _is_odd _is_even _is_one _is_zero
  2. _is_two _is_ten
  3. _zero _one _two _ten
  4. _acmp _len
  5. _inc _dec
  6. __strip_zeros _copy


Please report any bugs or feature requests to bug-math-bigint-fastcalc at , or through the web interface at (requires login). We will be notified, and then you'll automatically be notified of progress on your bug as I make changes.


You can find documentation for this module with the perldoc command.

  1. perldoc Math::BigInt::FastCalc

You can also look for information at:


This program is free software; you may redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself.


Original math code by Mark Biggar, rewritten by Tels in late 2000. Separated from BigInt and shaped API with the help of John Peacock.

Fixed, sped-up and enhanced by Tels 2001-2003. Further streamlining (api_version 1 etc.) by Tels 2004-2007.

Bug-fixing by Peter John Acklam <> 2010-2016.


Math::BigInt::Lib for a description of the API.

Alternative libraries Math::BigInt::Calc, Math::BigInt::GMP, and Math::BigInt::Pari.

Some of the modules that use these libraries Math::BigInt, Math::BigFloat, and Math::BigRat.