Installing ActivePerl for macOS
You can install the macOS package using the standard user interface, or by using the command line.
Before you begin
Before you start the installation, you need to ensure that your system meets the prerequisites, and that you do not have other Perl distributions installed that might conflict with ActivePerl.
- Hardware: 200 MB hard disk space
- Operating System: macOS 10.9 “Mavericks” or later
Installing with Package
ActivePerl is distributed on macOS as an installer package (
- Download the ActivePerl installer package (
ActivePerl-<version>.pkg) from the ActiveState Platform.
- Double-click the ActivePerl installer package
ActivePerl-<version>.pkg) to start the installation.
- Follow the Installer prompts. The installer will ask for administrative authentication if the current user does not have administrative privileges.
Installing with the Package command line tool
macOS includes a non-interactive command line interface to Apple’s Installer you can use to install ActivePerl from the command line:
Download the ActivePerl installer package (
ActivePerl-<version>.pkg) from the ActiveState platform.
Open Terminal and run
Installerusing the following syntax:
$ sudo installer -pkg /Users/<username>/Downloads/ActivePerl-<version>.pkg -target /
Note: It is sometimes useful to create an install log file (e.g. to send to ActiveState technical support). To do this, use the
$ sudo installer -pkg /Users/<username>/Downloads/ActivePerl-<version>.pkg \ -target / -verbose -dumplog > install.log 2>&1
More information on the command line interface to Installer can be
found by entering
man installer in Terminal.
The macOS Installer package installs ActivePerl in
/usr/local/ActivePerl-5.28. To run the
perl interpreter without having to enter the full path, you need to add
/usr/local/ActivePerl-5.28/bin to your PATH environment variable. For example:
export PATH=/usr/local/ActivePerl-5.28/bin:$PATH export PATH=/usr/local/ActivePerl-5.28/site/bin:$PATH
To permanently add the directory to your PATH, add it to the
.bash_profile file in your home directory. For example:
PATH=/usr/local/ActivePerl-5.28/bin:$PATH PATH=/usr/local/ActivePerl-5.28/site/bin:$PATH export PATH
Alternatively, you can create symbolic links to the binaries in any
bin directory in your PATH to run the perl executables without entering the full path. For example, you could add a
bin subdirectory in your home directory to your PATH and create symbolic links:
$ mkdir /Users/<username/bin $ export PATH=/Users/<username>/bin:$PATH $ ln -s /usr/local/ActivePerl-5.28/bin/perl /Users/<username>/bin/perl
Verify that you are pointing to the correct ActivePerl executables by entering
Uninstalling ActivePerl on macOS
Apple does not provide a standard uninstallation tool or mechanism. You may,
however, use the
uninstall script that comes with ActivePerl
to uninstall ActivePerl:
$ sudo /usr/local/ActivePerl-5.28/bin/ap-uninstall
If necessary, remove any symbolic links, or updates to your
.bash_profile file, added during configuration. For example:
$ rm /Users/<username>/bin/perl