if - use a Perl module if a condition holds (also can no a module)
use a Perl module if a condition holds (also can
no a module)
use if CONDITION, MODULE => ARGUMENTS; no if CONDITION, MODULE => ARGUMENTS;
if module is used to conditionally load or unload another module. The construct
use if CONDITION, MODULE => ARGUMENTS;
will load MODULE only if CONDITION evaluates to true. The above statement has no effect unless
CONDITION is true. If the CONDITION does evaluate to true, then the above line has the same effect as:
use MODULE ARGUMENTS;
The use of
=> above provides necessary quoting of
MODULE. If you don't use the fat comma (eg you don't have any ARGUMENTS), then you'll need to quote the MODULE.
The following line is taken from the testsuite for File::Map:
use if $^O ne 'MSWin32', POSIX => qw/setlocale LC_ALL/;
If run on any operating system other than Windows, this will import the functions
LC_ALL from POSIX. On Windows it does nothing.
The following is used to deprecate core modules beyond a certain version of Perl:
use if $] > 5.016, 'deprecate';
This line is taken from Text::Soundex 3.04, and marks it as deprecated beyond Perl 5.16. If you
use Text::Soundex in Perl 5.18, for example, and you have used warnings, then you'll get a warning message (the deprecate module looks to see whether the calling module was
use'd from a core library directory, and if so, generates a warning), unless you've installed a more recent version of Text::Soundex from CPAN.
You can also specify to NOT use something:
no if $] ge 5.021_006, warnings => "locale";
This warning category was added in the specified Perl version (a development release). Without the
'if', trying to use it in an earlier release would generate an unknown warning category error.
The current implementation does not allow specification of the required version of the module.
Module::Load::Conditional provides a number of functions you can use to query what modules are available, and then load one or more of them at runtime.
provide can be used to select one of several possible modules to load, based on what version of Perl is running.
Ilya Zakharevich mailto:firstname.lastname@example.org.
COPYRIGHT AND LICENCE
This software is copyright (c) 2002 by Ilya Zakharevich.
This is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as the Perl 5 programming language system itself.