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ActivePerl 5.16 Documentation

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ActivePerl 1603 -- Release Notes

Welcome, and thank you for downloading ActivePerl. This release corresponds to Perl version 5.16.3.

The following platforms are supported by this release:

  • AIX 5.3 or later (rs6000)

  • HP-UX: 11.11 or later (PA-RISC)

  • Linux: glibc 2.3 or later (x86 and x64)

  • Mac OS X 10.6 or later (x86, 32 and 64 bit)

  • Solaris 2.9 or later (sparc, 32 and 64 bit)

  • Solaris 10 or later (x86)

  • Windows XP (x86)

  • Windows Server 2003, Vista, Server 2008, 7, Server 2012, 8 (x86 and x64)

For a chronological list of changes included in this and past releases, see the ActivePerl 5.16 Change Log.

Incompatibilities

Perl 5.16 is not binary compatible with Perl 5.14, 5.12, 5.10 or 5.8. In particular, do not attempt to use extensions or PPM packages built for ActivePerl 800, 1000, 1200 and 1400 series builds with ActivePerl 1600 series builds and vice versa. Please check "Incompatible Changes" in perl5140delta for known source level incompatibilities between the Perl 5.16 releases and the earlier release series.

Known Issues

PPM

There are some known outstanding issues with the PPM 4 client:

  • The PPM state database (containing configuration information for repositories, view options in the GUI, and repository state) is not imported from previous installations.

    If you have added custom PPM 4 repositories in previous ActivePerl releases then you should reconfigure them manually with ppm repo add ... or in the GUI. The repository state will be automatically re-synchronized when PPM is run.

  • Post install scripts for packages installed from the GUI will not be able to receive non-default answers for any prompts it might produce. Packages that need non-default answers must be installed with the command line version of ppm.

  • List icons will sometimes not repaint properly after scrolling under X11. This does not affect the Windows and Mac OS X builds.

  • Running sudo ppm ... the first time ppm is invoked from a regular user account on Unix will create a root owned state database. This effectively makes the database read-only when running ppm without sudo, and might manifest itself as Application Error dialogs when running the GUI. Workaround is to run sudo chown -R $USER ~/.ActivePerl once to fix up ownership of the state database.

AIX

  • GNU tar is required to extract the ActivePerl tarball into the filesystem. A precompiled version of GNU tar for AIX 5L can be found here:

        http://www-03.ibm.com/systems/p/os/aix/linux/toolbox/download.html

    You can also get the source package for GNU tar from:

        http://www.gnu.org/
  • The reloc_perl script does not correctly update the perl-dynamic executable. The workaround is to install directly from the tarball into the new location.

Solaris

  • GNU tar is required to extract the ActivePerl tarball into the filesystem. A precompiled version of GNU tar for Solaris is available from:

        http://www.sunfreeware.com/

    You can also get the source package for GNU tar from:

        http://www.gnu.org/

Mac OS X

  • Perl library paths, and thus PPM Areas, defined in the shell by the PERL5LIB environment variable are not available to PPM when it is launched by clicking the PPM icon in OS X. To to make this variable available in the OS X GUI, add an entry similar to the following to ~/.MacOSX/environment.plist:

     <key>PERL5LIB</key>
     <string>/path/to/perl/lib</string>
  • Running sudo ppm or sudo ppm gui does not start up the GUI with root privileges. Use ppm as a command line tool with sudo.

Windows

  • The fork() emulation has known limitations. See perlfork for a detailed summary. In particular, fork() emulation will not work correctly with extensions that are either not thread-safe, or maintain internal state that cannot be cloned in the pseudo-child process. This caveat currently applies to extensions such as Tk and Storable.

  • It seems that some people are having problems with the ActivePerl MSI installer. The first thing to note is that you CANNOT install ActivePerl 5.16 over an older version of ActivePerl based on 5.14, 5.12, 5.10, 5.8, 5.6 or 5.005, such as build 1204 or any other 1200, 1000, 800, 600 or 500 series build. We have determined that some of these problems are due to other installations of Perl that may be pointed at by something in the environment.

    The sure-fire solution is to make absolutely certain that no other installations of Perl are on the target machine. Realizing that this is not always possible, you can follow these steps to ensure the other installations will not interfere.

    1. Stop the "Windows Installer" service. This can be accomplished from the command prompt using the following command:

          c:\> net stop "Windows Installer"
    2. Temporarily remove or rename PERLLIB and PERL5LIB environment variables in the system environment.

    3. Temporarily remove or rename the following registry values:

          [\\HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Perl] lib = <directory> (REG_SV)
          [\\HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Perl] sitelib = <directory> (REG_SV)
          [\\HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Perl] lib-<PerlVersion> = <directory> (REG_SV)
          [\\HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Perl] sitelib-<PerlVersion> = <directory>(REG_SV)
    4. Proceed with the installation.

    Once the installation has completed successfully, the above actions may be undone although restoring the environment variables or the registry values may interfere with the proper operation of your new ActivePerl installation. In order to perform all of the above steps, you will need to have Administrative privileges on the target machine. If you do not have the required privileges you should contact your Administrator.

Further Information

The Perl distribution comes with extensive documentation. On Unix platforms, all the standard documentation is installed as man pages under the Perl install location. The location of the man pages may need to be added to the MANPATH environment variable in order to access them. For example, in the C shell:

    % setenv MANPATH /opt/ActivePerl-5.16/man:$MANPATH

The documentation is installed in HTML format on all platforms. If ActivePerl was installed in /opt/ActivePerl-5.16 then the HTML documentation would be located in /opt/ActivePerl-5.16/html.

On Windows, the standard documentation along with Windows-specific Perl documentation is installed in HTML format, and is accessible from the "Start" menu.

Updated versions of the HTML documentation will always be available at the ActiveState website:

    http://www.activestate.com/ActivePerl

Reporting Problems

Please report any bugs you encounter with this release in the ActiveState bug database:

    http://bugs.activestate.com

If you do not have web access, reports can be also sent via email to ActivePerl-Bugs@ActiveState.com. Please be sure to include detailed information about the platform in your message.

As far as possible, please ensure that there is enough information in the report to reproduce the bug elsewhere. It also helps to submit a minimal test case that exhibits the bug.

ActivePerl Community Edition Support Policy

The two most recent stable releases are available for free download. This corresponds to the Perl community's own version support policy.

Whenever the underlying Perl version becomes "unsupported" by the Perl community itself, support for the corresponding ActivePerl versions will be limited to Business Edition and Enterprise Edition customers.

You can continue to use older ActivePerl releases indefinitely under the terms of the Community Edition license, but won't be able to download the installers from ActiveState.

The PPM repositories for unsupported ActivePerl releases will remain freely accessible for at least 6 months after support ends, but will no longer be updated with new builds from CPAN.