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ActivePerl 5.14 Documentation

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Installing ActivePerl 5.14.4.1405

General Installation Notes

Welcome, and thank you for choosing ActivePerl.

  • Version Numbers:The first three numbers of an ActivePerl release correspond to the core Perl version. The fourth number is the ActivePerl build number, which may be followed by a fifth number that specifies a modified build for ActivePerl Enterprise. For example, this release of ActivePerl is 5.14.4.1405, which corresponds to Perl 5.14.4.
  • Binary Incompatibility: ActivePerl 1400 series builds (Perl 5.14) are not binary-compatible with the older 1200 (Perl 5.12), 1000 (Perl 5.10), 800 (Perl 5.8) and 600 (Perl 5.6) series builds. In particular, do not attempt to use extensions or PPM packages built for an older series builds with ActivePerl 1400 series builds and vice versa.
  • Side-by-Side x64 and x86 Installation: On 64 bit operating systems which support 32 bit compatibility, both x86 and x64 versions of ActivePerl can be installed on the same system as long as they are installed in separate directories. The Windows MSI installer will suggest the following default directories to keep them separate:
    • Windows x64: C:\Perl64
    • Windows x86: C:\Perl
    Other installers will not suggest a platform-specific default install directory. You must specify a unique installation directory manually.

Installing ActivePerl on Windows (x86)

Windows Prerequisites

  • Hardware: 200 MB hard disk space for typical install
  • Perl for ISAPI: requires an ISAPI-compatible web server, such as IIS
  • PerlScript: requires an ActiveX scripting host such as Internet Explorer or Windows Scripting Host
  • Perl Environment Variables: if Perl environment variables such as PERLLIB, PERL5LIB or PERL5OPT have been set on your system, you should unset them before installing ActivePerl. Otherwise, these variables may cause incompatible versions of Perl modules to be used during the installation process.
  • System Account: (MSI Installer only) Do not launch the installation package from a directory for which the "System" account does not have read permission. If you do, the Windows Installer Service will not be able to access the MSI file in order to perform the installation. You may get an error message to this effect, or it may fail mysteriously.
  • Administrative Privileges: On Windows 2000/XP/2003/Vista systems ActivePerl installations must be performed by a privileged user only. If you install ActivePerl without full administrator privileges, the following problems occur:
    • Environment variables are set only for the current user
    • PerlScript file associations are not created
    • The PerlScript feature will be unavailable
    • Registry entries are created under HKEY_CURRENT_USER and not under HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE
    • IIS script mappings are not set
    • ActivePerl applications will not write messages to the event log
    • ActivePerl only appears in the Add/Remove Programs list for the current user
  • Internet Explorer: Ensure that you have at least IE 6. If necessary, get an update from:
    http://windowsupdate.microsoft.com
  • Windows 2000
  • Windows Vista / Windows XP / Windows 2003 Server: no additional requirements

Upgrading from ActivePerl 5.6.x, 5.8.x, 5.10.x, or 5.12.x

Upgrading from earlier ActivePerl versions requires that you delete the old version of ActivePerl, and then install the 5.14.x version. This means that any additional packages that were installed using PPM must be manually reinstalled after the ActivePerl 5.14.x installation, so creating a list of these packages is an important first step.

You can use ppm profile to help save and restore your locally installed PPM packages. For example, to save a profile before you upgrade, you can type:

  ppm profile save C:\profile.xml

Once you have saved this profile, you can proceed with the new install. Once done, you can use the profile you saved to reinstall the same set of PPM packages in your new installation by typing:

  ppm profile restore C:\profile.xml

Windows Installers

If you are using ActivePerl to serve CGI / ASP scripts using IIS or another Web server, stop the Web server before installing ActivePerl.

MSI Installer Package
To install the MSI package double-click on the MSI file in Windows Explorer.

Do not install over a 500, 600, 800, 1000, or 1200 series build of ActivePerl. This package must be installed into a separate directory.

MSI Package Installation from the Command Line
You can install ActivePerl from the command line using the 'msiexec' program. For example:
    msiexec /i msi_file.msi

The ADDLOCAL command line property is used to specify which features should be installed. (If ADDLOCAL is not specified, all features are installed.) For example:

    msiexec /i msi_file.msi ADDLOCAL="PERL_FEATURE,PERLIS"

The following features may be specified with the ADDLOCAL switch:

  • PERL_FEATURE (the Perl core)
  • PPM (the Programmer's Package Manager)
  • PERLIS (the Perl for ISAPI interpreter)
  • PERLSE (the Perl ActiveX Scripting Engine)
  • EXAMPLES (some simple examples)

A set of command-line properties can be used to configure the installation. For example:

    msiexec /i msi_file.msi TARGETDIR="c:\" PERL_PATH="Yes"
  • TARGETDIR: Used to specify the absolute path where ActivePerl will be installed. If not specified, ActivePerl will be installed in a default location on the same drive as the Windows operating system. If this option is used, a value is required.
    Note: Ensure that the NT 'SYSTEM' user account that actually runs the MSI installer has full access to the target directory.
    Also, don't select a directory with spaces in its name. Perl will likely work, but many scripts will not.
  • PERL_EXT: If set to 'No', the installer will not create the default '.pl' file extension association with perl.
  • PL_IISMAP: If is set to 'No', the installer will not create a global IIS script mapping for '.pl' and Perl.
  • PLEX_IISMAP: If set to 'No', the installer will not create a global IIS script mapping for '.plex' and PerlIS.
  • PLX_IISMAP: If set to 'No', the installer will not create a global IIS script mapping for '.plx' and PerlIS.
  • PERL_PATH: If set to 'No', the Perl/bin directory will not be added to the system PATH environment variable.
  • CREATE_SAMPLE_DIR: If set to 'No', the PerlEx sample virtual directory in IIS is not created.

The following command-line switches can be used:

Silent Mode
To run in silent mode, specify the '/q' command line option. The installer will run with no UI.
Logging
To log the installation process, specify the '/l' command line option and the name of the log file. For example:
    msiexec /i msi_file.msi /l log.txt

To enable verbose logging, use the *v modifier with the /l command line option. For example:

    msiexec /i msi_file.msi /l*v log.txt
AS Installer Package
The AS package is a generic installation package that can be used on systems where the MSI package is not supported. The AS package provides no uninstall functionality. To install using the AS package, double-click the installer file and follow the prompts.

Windows Configuration

If you run Perl at the command prompt, the script will be executed by the first Perl.exe it encounters in the list of paths in the PATH environment variable. To ensure the script is executed by the Perl interpreter of your choice, specify the complete path to the Perl.exe you want to use. (Typing perl -v at the command prompt will tell you which version of Perl is currently first in your PATH)

Installing ActivePerl will change your Path environment variable and may change registry settings, such as file associations, which may affect your Web server. If you want to use a previously installed copy of Perl, you will need to modify these settings.

    ftype PerlScript=perl.exe %1 %*
    assoc .pl=PerlScript
    

Uninstalling ActivePerl on Windows

MSI Package
If you installed ActivePerl using the MSI installer, uninstall using the Windows Add / Remove Programs applet.
AS Package
If you installed ActivePerl using the AS installer, uninstall by deleting the directory in which ActivePerl was installed.
Manual Uninstall
If you must uninstall ActivePerl manually, delete the Perl directory, including all sub-directories, and the following registry entries:
  1. HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE/Software/ActiveState/ActivePerl
  2. HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE/Software/ActiveState/PerlScript
  3. HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE/Software/Microsoft/Windows/CurrentVersion/Uninstall/ActivePerl

Installing ActivePerl on Mac OS X (x86)

OS X Prerequisites

  • Hardware: 200 MB hard disk space for typical install
  • Operating System: OS X 10.5 or later

OS X Installer

Installing the OS X Package

ActivePerl is distributed on Mac OS X as a disk image (.dmg file). The disk image contains an installer package (.pkg bundle) that installs ActivePerl.

  • Download the ActivePerl disk image (ActivePerl-<version>-<platform>.dmg).
  • If the browser does not automatically mount the disk image and open the mounted folder in Finder, double-click ActivePerl-<version>-<platform>.dmg to do so.
  • Double-click the ActivePerl installer package (ActivePerl-<version>.pkg) to start the installation.
  • Follow the Installer prompts. The installer will ask for administrative authentication if the current user does not have administrative priviledges.
  • After installation is complete, you may eject the ActivePerl disk image and move ActivePerl-version.dmg to the Trash.

OS X includes a non-interactive command line interface to Apple's Installer. To install the ActivePerl Apple installer from the command line:

    $ sudo installer -pkg /Users/<username>/ActivePerl-<version>.pkg -target /

More information on the command line interface to Installer can be found in its man page.

OS X Configuration

The Apple Installer package installs ActivePerl in /usr/local/ActivePerl-5.14. To run the perl interpreter and PPM package manager (without having to enter the full path), add /usr/local/ActivePerl-5.14/bin to your PATH environment variable. For example:

    $ export PATH=/usr/local/ActivePerl-5.14/bin:$PATH
    $ export PATH=/usr/local/ActivePerl-5.14/site/bin:$PATH
  

To permanently add the directory to your PATH, add it to the .profile or .bash_profile file in the user's home directory. For example:

    PATH=/usr/local/ActivePerl-5.14/bin:$PATH
    PATH=/usr/local/ActivePerl-5.14/site/bin:$PATH
    export PATH
    

Alternatively, symbolic links to the binaries can be created in any bin directory currently in the PATH. For example:

    PATH=/Users/<username>/bin:$PATH

    $ ln -s /usr/local/ActivePerl-5.14/bin/perl /Users/<username>/bin/perl
    $ ln -s /usr/local/ActivePerl-5.14/bin/ppm /Users/<username>/bin/ppm
    

Uninstalling ActivePerl on OS X

To uninstall ActivePerl, run the uninstall script:

    $ sudo /usr/local/ActivePerl-5.14/bin/ap-uninstall

Removing ActivePerl will also remove perl modules manually installed using PPM.

If neccessary, remove any symbolic links created during configuration. For example:

    $ rm /Users/<username>/bin/perl

Linux Prerequisites

  • Hardware: 200 MB hard disk space for typical install
  • Operating System: Red Hat 6.2 or later, Debian 2.2 or later
  • Online Help: Web browser

Installing ActivePerl on Linux (x86)

Linux Installers

RPM Package for Red Hat 6.2 or later
The Red Hat compatible package is in RPM format. This should be installed as root, using the following command:
    % rpm -i ActivePerl-5.14.4.1405-i686-linux.rpm

This will install ActivePerl into /opt/ActivePerl-5.14.

To uninstall ActivePerl, run:

    % rpm -e ActivePerl

The RPM package has only been tested with Red Hat 6.2, but is expected to be compatible with other Red Hat 6.2 compatible installations as well.

Note: Previous versions of ActivePerl were installed in /usr/local. Upgrading using rpm will not remove modules and documentation subsequently added using PPM or the CPAN shell, nor will it move them to the new location in /opt. These modules must be reinstalled after the upgrade. The old ActivePerl directory in /usr/local can be removed.

Gzipped Tarball for Linux
The generic installer allows installation as an unprivileged user into a user-specified path. GNU tar is required for extracting the files. See Known Issues in the ActivePerl Release Notes for details.

Download the distribution to a temporary directory, extract the files, chdir to the ActivePerl directory and then run the script install.sh. The installation script will prompt you for the target installation directory.

    % tar zxf ActivePerl-5.14.4.1405-i686-linux.tar.gz
    % cd ActivePerl-5.14.4.1405
    % ./install.sh

If you share the system with other people, or if you do not have root access, it is recommended that you install ActivePerl in your own user directory. For example:

    /home/<username>/ActivePerl-5.14

We suggest adding the following line to your .bash_profile file:

    PATH=$PATH:/home/<username>/bin

Also, we suggest that you create symbolic links to the binaries:

    ln -s /home/<username>/ActivePerl-5.14/bin/perl /home/<username>/bin/perl
    ln -s /home/<username>/ActivePerl-5.14/bin/ppm /home/<username>/bin/ppm

This will allow you to call ActivePerl with a command like:

    perl -le "Hello World!;"

Linux Configuration

The Red Hat and Debian packages are installed into the /opt/ActivePerl-5.14 directory. Add the /opt/ActivePerl-5.14/bin directory to your PATH environment variable to conveniently access it. For example, in the C shell:

    % setenv PATH /opt/ActivePerl-5.14/bin:$PATH

The generic installer allows you to install the package anywhere that the user has write permission. Add the bin directory to your PATH environment variable to conveniently access it. For example, in the C shell (assuming you installed into /home/<username>/ActivePerl-5.14):

    % setenv PATH /home/<username>/ActivePerl-5.14/bin:$PATH

Uninstalling ActivePerl on Linux

Debian Package
If you installed ActivePerl using the dpkg format installer, uninstall as follows:
    dpkg -r ActivePerl
RPM Package
If you installed ActivePerl using the RPM format installer, uninstall as follows:
    rpm -e ActivePerl
AS Package
If you installed ActivePerl using the AS format installer, remove the directory into which ActivePerl was installed. For example:
    /bin/rm -rf /opt/ActivePerl-5.14

Installing ActivePerl on Solaris (sparc, x86)

Solaris Prerequisites

  • Hardware: 200 MB hard disk space for typical install
  • Operating System: Solaris 2.6 or later for sparc, Solaris 10 or later for x86
  • Online Help: Web browser

Business Edition License

Access to the Solaris PPM repository requires an ActivePerl Business Edition license. To install this license:

  • Download the license installer from the My Account page on the ActiveState website.
  • Change the permissions on the downloaded file to allow execution (e.g. `chmod +x filename`)
  • Run the installer (e.g. `./filename`).

Solaris Installers

PKGADD Package
The Solaris package is in pkgadd format. This should be installed as root, using the following commands:
    % gunzip ActivePerl-5.14.4.1405-sun4-solaris.pkg.gz
    % pkgadd -d ActivePerl-5.14.4.1405-sun4-solaris.pkg

This will install ActivePerl into /opt/ActivePerl-5.14.

To uninstall ActivePerl, run:

    % pkgrm ASperl

This package has only been tested with Solaris 2.6, but is expected to be compatible with other Solaris 2.6 compatible installations as well, including Solaris 7 and Solaris 8.

Gzipped Tarball for Solaris
The generic installer allows installation as an unprivileged user, and into a user-specified path. GNU tar is required for extracting the files. See Known Issues in the ActivePerl Release Notes for details.

Download the distribution to a temporary directory, extract the files, chdir to the ActivePerl directory and then run the script install.sh. The installation script will prompt you for the target installation directory.

    % tar zxf ActivePerl-5.14.4.1405-sun4-solaris.tar.gz
    % cd ActivePerl-5.14.4.1405
    % ./install.sh

If GNU tar is installed as 'gtar', substitute that executable name in the first command above.

Solaris Configuration

The Solaris package is installed into the /opt/ActivePerl-5.14 directory. Add the /opt/ActivePerl-5.14/bin directory to your PATH environment variable to conveniently access it. For example, in the C shell:

    % setenv PATH /opt/ActivePerl-5.14/bin:$PATH

The generic installer allows you to install the package anywhere that the user has write permission. Add the bin directory to your PATH environment variable to conveniently access it. For example, in the C shell (assuming you installed into /home/<username>/ActivePerl-5.14):

    % setenv PATH /home/<username>/ActivePerl-5.14/bin:$PATH

Uninstalling ActivePerl on Solaris

PKGADD Package
If you installed ActivePerl using the PKGADD format installer, uninstall as follows:
    pkgrm -d ASperl
Gzipped Tarball Package
If you installed ActivePerl using the AS format installer, remove the directory into which ActivePerl was installed. For example:
    /bin/rm -rf /opt/ActivePerl-5.14

Installing ActivePerl on AIX (rs6000)

AIX Prerequisites

  • Hardware: 200 MB hard disk space for typical install
  • Operating System: AIX 5.3 or later

AIX Installers

Gzipped Tarball for AIX
ActivePerl is distributed on AIX as a gzipped tarball containing an installer. GNU tar is required for extracting the files (see Known Issues in the ActivePerl Release Notes for details).

Download the distribution to a temporary directory, extract the files, chdir to the ActivePerl directory and run the script install.sh.

    
    $ tar zxf ActivePerl-5.14.4.1405-aix-5.3-<seq>.tar.gz
    $ cd ActivePerl-5.14.4.1405
    $ ./install.sh

If GNU tar is installed as 'gtar', substitute that executable name in the first command above.

The installation script will prompt you for a target installation directory. If you share the system with other people, or if you do not have root access, you may install ActivePerl in your own user directory. For example:

    /home/<username>/ActivePerl-5.14

AIX Configuration

We suggest adding the bin directory of the ActivePerl installation to your .profile file. For example:

    PATH=$PATH:/home/<username>/ActivePerl-5.14/bin

Alternatively, create symbolic links to the binaries in a directory already in your path. For example:

    $ ln -s /home/<username>/ActivePerl-5.14/bin/perl /home/<username>/bin/perl
    $ ln -s /home/<username>/ActivePerl-5.14/bin/ppm /home/<username>/bin/ppm

Uninstalling ActivePerl on AIX

To uninstall ActivePerl, remove the directory ActivePerl was installed in. For example:

    $ rm -rf /opt/ActivePerl-5.14

If neccessary, remove any symbolic links created during configuration. For example:

    $ rm /Users/<username>/bin/perl

Installing ActivePerl on HP-UX (PA-RISC)

HP-UX Prerequisites

  • Hardware: 200 MB hard disk space for typical install
  • Operating System: HP-UX 11.00 or HP-UX 11i

HP-UX Installers

Gzipped Tarball for HP-UX
ActivePerl is distributed on HP-UX as a gzipped tarball containing an installer. GNU tar is required for extracting the files (see Known Issues in the ActivePerl Release Notes for details).

Download the distribution to a temporary directory, extract the files, chdir to the ActivePerl directory and run the script install.sh.

    
    $ tar zxf ActivePerl-5.14.4.1405-PA-RISC-<seq>.tar.gz
    $ cd ActivePerl-5.14.4.1405
    $ ./install.sh

If GNU tar is installed as 'gtar', substitute that executable name in the first command above.

The installation script will prompt you for a target installation directory. If you share the system with other people, or if you do not have root access, you may install ActivePerl in your own user directory. For example:

    /home/<username>/ActivePerl-5.14

HP-UX Configuration

We suggest adding the bin directory of the ActivePerl installation to your .profile file. For example:

    PATH=$PATH:/home/<username>/ActivePerl-5.14/bin

Alternatively, create symbolic links to the binaries in a directory already in your path. For example:

    $ ln -s /home/<username>/ActivePerl-5.14/bin/perl /home/<username>/bin/perl
    $ ln -s /home/<username>/ActivePerl-5.14/bin/ppm /home/<username>/bin/ppm

Uninstalling ActivePerl on HP-UX

To uninstall ActivePerl, remove the directory ActivePerl was installed in. For example:

    $ rm -rf /opt/ActivePerl-5.14

If neccessary, remove any symbolic links created during configuration.